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Partial Development of Predominately African-American Organizations, U.S.A. and Movements Coming Out of COOLJC




Charles Fox Parham
(1873-1929)


Born in
Muscatine, Iowa


Considered Father of
the Modern
Pentecostal Movement in the USA,
Topeka, Kansas

1901

In the fall of 1900, a former pastor in the Methodist Episcopal Church by the name of Charles Parham began the Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas. As an assignment to his students he required that they investigate the "baptism of the Spirit" or what was also known as the Pentecostal Blessing. After returning from a speaking engagement he was astonished to learn that all of his students had the same story; while several different things occurred when this blessing fell, the indisputable proof on each occasion was that believers spoke in other tongues. After learning this, the students immediately began to seek the baptism with the evidence of speaking with other tongues. On January 1, 1901, the Spirit fell, first on Agnes Ozman, and then a few days later on many others, including Parham himself.






William J. Seymour
(1870-1922)


Born in
Centerville Louisiana


Founder, Azusa Street Revival and Apostolic Faith Gospel Mission,
Los Angels, Ca

1906

It was in 1906 that Pentecostalism would achieve worldwide attention through the Azusa Street revival in Los Angeles led by the African-American preacher William J. Seymour. From attending a Bible School that Parham conducted, he learned about the tongues-attested baptism. Seymour opened the historic meeting in April, 1906 in a former African Methodist Episcopal (AME) church building at 312 Azusa Street under the name of the "Apostolic Faith mission" which would conduct three services a day, seven days a week. It was there that thousands sought to be baptized in the Spirit with the evidence of speaking in tongues and experience numerous other Holy Spirit manifestations. From Azusa Street Pentecostalism spread rapidly around the world and began its advance toward becoming a major force in Christendom. The movement was also noted for it's integration of both White and African-American Christian traditions.






Azusa Street Revival



312 Azusa Street,
Los Angeles CA


1906-1909

The focal point of the early Pentecostal revival which began in 1906 was the Apostolic Faith Mission at 312 Azusa Street in Los Angeles, California. Continuous meetings were held there every day for a period of three years beginning in mid-April, 1906. This mission on Azusa Street published the well-known newspaper, The Apostolic Faith, which was one of the primary means by which news of the revival was spread, beginning with the first issue, published in September of 1906. The editor was William J. Seymour. The Apostolic Faith contains many accounts of shaking, falling, speechlessness, drunkenness in the Spirit, and Holy Laughter which took place during the early Pentecostal revival at Azusa Street and elsewhere during the first few years of the revival.

Charles H. Mason
(1866-1961)

Born in Memphis, Tennessee
who received the Holy Ghost at Azusa Street and Founder of the Churches of God in Christ
1907

The turning point in Elder Mason's life came in March, 1907, when he journeyed to Los Angeles, California, to attend a great Pentecostal revival with Elder D. J. Young and Elder J. A. Jeter. Elder W. J. Seymour was preaching concerning Luke 24:49, "And behold I send the promise of my Father upon you; but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem until ye be endued with power from on high." Elder Mason became convinced that it was essential for him to have the outpouring of the Holy ghost.






Henry Prentiss


receives the Holy Ghost at Azusa Street Revival and later preaches to G.T. Haywood who is saved under his ministry.

1907

Henry Prentiss reported as follows in the May, 1907 issue (vol. 1, no. 8, p. 4) in THE APOSTOLIC FAITH:

"We went to the meeting where Bro. Blassco is. The Lord wonderfully blest in the service, and one precious sinner was saved, sanctified and baptized with the Holy Ghost. The Lord filled her mouth with holy laugher and she spoke in new tongues and has been under His power ever since, filled with joy and gladness."

Brother Barbour, a brother in the congregation of Elder Prentiss, asked G.T. Haywood to attend church with him. Brother Haywood, a talented teacher, writer, and later minister of the Gospel, is saved and accepts God's calling. He is a dedicated student of the Bible and eventually becomes Pastor of Christ Temple Church , Indianapolis , Indiana.


Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
1914


Bishop G.T. Haywood, First Presiding Bishop(1925-1931)
and mentor of Bishop R.C. Lawson

In Indianapolis Indiana, Bishop G.T. Haywood and all 465 members of his congregation accepted the Oneness message and were rebaptised in Jesus name. This caused a great stir in the Assemblies of God, and powerful factions began to form. Brothers Frank Ewart, Glenn Cook, R.E. McAlister and G.T. Haywood had organized the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World in 1913. This organization, though not exclusively Oneness at its founding, quickly became such. The message of the Oneness of God and the practice of rebaptism spread throughout the Pentecostal Movement.


The Pentecostal Churches of The Apostolic Faith
1957

Bishop Samuel N. Hancock, Founder and Bishop who came out of Pentecostal Assemblies of the World









Robert C. Lawson
(1883-1961)

Church Of Our Lord Jesus Christ Of the Apostolic Faith, Inc.

New York, N.Y.

C.O.O.L.J.C.



1919

A man by the name of Robert C. Lawson is hospitalized with tuberculosis in Indianapolis, and has a prize fighter roommate whose mother was a Holy Ghost woman belonging to Christ Temple pastored by G.T. Haywood. Doctors tell Lawson he has but a short time to live. He remembers the testimony of the old Holy Ghost woman. He prays and God heals his body. He makes his way to Christ Temple where he is baptized, filled with the Holy Ghost and called to preach. The affliction was the Lord's "Wake-up Call" for a chosen life and vessel. G.T. Haywood was a stern taskmaster for all his ministers and required the young Robert Lawson, Samuel Hancock, Schooler and Washington to study the Bible, page by page, covering the Old and New Testaments 6 times per year.

In 1919, Elder Lawson was invited to a prayer meeting which was in progress in a basement in the 40th Street area of New York City. So energetic was his service to the Lord that his fame spread abroad and reached the ears of Mr. and Mrs. James Burleigh and Mr. and Mrs. Edward Anderson. These blessed couples opened their homes to Elder Lawson and their home today is affectionally thought of as the Cradle of the Church of Our Lord Christ




Church of The Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith,


Sherrod Johnson, Founder
1932

Bishop Sherrod Johnson leaves the Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ and establishes the Church Of The Lord Jesus Christ. Johnson and Lawson had found agreement on the Marriage and Divorce issue and on women preachers; however differed on many other doctrinal issues, particularly the proper dress of a saint. The Church Of The Lord Jesus under the leadership grew across the country with a nation wide network and broadcasts to Mexico and several Spanish speaking countries. S.C. Johnson and R.C. Lawson fought over the radio on many Biblical and doctrinal issues. In 1961, upon the death of Sherrod Johnson, Bishop Shelton assumed the presidership until his death in 1992.


The Way Of The Cross Organization
Bishop Henry Chauncey Brooks(H.C.), Founder
1933

The Way of the Cross Movement came out of the Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The Organization has grown to several churches throughout the country. The current presiding Bishop of Organization is Bishop Leroy Cannady of Baltimore Maryland


Zion Assembly Churches
1938

Came out of Church Of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith Inc. Organization.

The founder was Bishop J.P. Shields

Churches of God in Christ Jesus

1950

Came out of Church Of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith Inc. Organization.

The founder was Bishop Peter Bridges

Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ World Wide
Bishop Smallwood E. Williams, Founder
1957

Came out of Church Of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith Inc. Organization.

The current presider is Bishop Huie L. Rogers, Brooklyn, NY.

Bishop James Silver, Pastor of the Mother Church, Washinton, DC

Bible Way Pentecostal Apostolic Church

1960

Came out of Church Of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith Inc. Organization.

The founder was Bishop Curtis Jones

Free Gospel Church
of Christ, Inc.
Bishop Ralph Green
1962

Came out of The Way of the Cross Organization.

The presider is Bishop Ralph Green

Holy Temple Church Of The Lord Jesus Christ Of The Apostolic Faith
1962

Came out of Church of The Lord Jesus Christ Of the Apostolic Faith Organization.

The founder was Bishop Randolph Goodwin.

Holy Temple Church of Christ, Inc.
Bishop Joseph Weathers
1969

Came out of The Way of the Cross Organization.

The presider is Bishop Joseph Weathers


The United Way of the Cross
1974

Came out of The Way of the Cross Organization.

The current presiding is Bishop Adams


Evangelistic Churches of Christ
Bishop Lymus Johnson, Founder
1974

Came out of The Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ Organization.

The current presiding is Bishop Lymus Johnson

**Edited from original text The Contender for the Faith, 75th Jubilee Journal, Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith,Inc., 1994 and other sources


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